miércoles, 16 de diciembre de 2015

40 años de afiche político en Chile

40 años de afiche político en Chile : 1970-2011
Vico, Mauricio
Vera, Rodrigo
2015
[Santiago] : Consejo Nacional de Cultura y las Artes.   69 p.
Resumen :  El objetivo es convertir este evento en un referente histórico en el campo de la gráfica política, cuyo eje principal son cuatro etapas claves de nuestra historia reciente: Unidad popular, el afiche en la clandestinidad, plebiscito y transición, y los recientes movimientos sociales que inauguraron la segunda década del presente siglo.
Formatos diversos, técnicas variadas, distintas expresiones visuales, comunicar un anhelo ya sea de esperanza, resistencia, cambio y desencanto; impactar en la colectividad mediante la imagen, capturando la atención del espectador distraído inserto en el espacio cotidiano de lo público.
La mirada curatorial implica declaradamente un sesgo: se trata del afiche que comunica desde las bases, que construye por medio de la imagen un sentido de comunidad, expresión de identidad de quienes buscan construir una sociedad más justa, una sociedad que avanza pero que también a veces tranza, describiendo un derrotero temporal, al mismo tiempo que conceptual, desde la esperanza en un proyecto político truncado, hasta el descontento generalizado de un país que exigía –y sigue exigiendo- profundos cambios a la herencia autoritaria y poco representativa del sentir de muchos; de quienes reflejan en los afiches sus esperanzas de un futuro más justo.
Son ciento cincuenta ejemplos de lucha gráfica que caracterizan momentos distintos del acontecer nacional, que de manera individual como colectiva, constituyen un preciado documento histórico.
Los afiches provienen de diversas colecciones y fondos documentales, muchos de ellos guardados durante años y por vez primera expuestos al público, en las condiciones materiales que denotan la forma en que el tiempo los castigó por ser la memoria viva de un mensaje que algunos consideraron peligroso de comunicar.
Si así fue, es porque la comunicación visual sigue siendo herramienta de lucha política, y esta exposición pretende ser un referente de lo que se ha hecho y de lo que se puede llegar a hacer en el campo del afiche político.
El despliegue de un discurso visual en perspectiva histórica que contribuya a la valoración de esta instancia como un factor de cambio social.
Número de pedido en Biblioteca FAU

Urbanismo y desigualdad social

Urbanismo y desigualdad social
Harvey, David
2007
Madrid : Siglo Veintiuno de España.   340 p.
Resumen : Desde la publicación en 1973 de esta obra seminal, la geografía crítica impulsada por David Harvey se ha ido configurando como una de las más influyentes de todo el siglo XX. La combinación de análisis crítico del capitalismo, teoría política y geografía urbana ha definido no solo su particular vía de estudio, sino también un marco teórico de trabajo y un conjunto de herramientas conceptuales de uso generalizado entre los científicos sociales. Cuarenta años después de su publicación, Urbanismo y desigualdad social perdura como una referencia inexcusable en los estudios geográficos y de ciencias sociales, y constituye una lectura obligada para todo lector inquieto. La apuesta de Harvey por una geografía urbana revolucionaria que permita una mejor comprensión de la exclusión y la pobreza sigue siendo, hoy, una necesidad y acto consciente de disidencia.
Tabla de contenidos
Número de pedido en Biblioteca FAU

The urban experience

The urban experience
Harvey, David
1989
Baltimore : The Johns Hopkins University Press.   293 p.
Resumen :  This book is prepared in a way which recognises the needs of police officers, those who wish to study the criminal law, and members of the public who wish to refer to a legal text which is written in terms which they can understand.
The text sets out to cover comprehensively those areas of law and legal procedures with which all police officers are concerned. The syllabus of the qualifying examinations for promotion has been borne in mind throughout, and this edition has been brought up to date with developments in the law since the publication of the seventh edition in 2001.
Tabla de contenidos 
Número de pedido en Biblioteca FAU

Echar a perder

Echar a perder : un análisis del deterioro
Lynch, Kevin
2005
Barcelona : Gustavo Gili.   255 p.
Resumen : Vivimos de espaldas a la degradación y los desechos.
En un mundo donde el consumismo rige nuestras vidas, paradójicamente ignoramos la decadencia, como si la basura y el deterioro no formaran parte intrínseca de la sociedad y de la vida mismas.
En este libro, Kevin Lynch pone el foco de atención sobre esta cuestión y nos ofrece una iluminadora reflexión filosófica y social sobre la relación del hombre —supremo creador de desechos— con el deterioro y los procesos de degradación.
A partir de un sorprendente análisis sobre nuestro imaginario vinculado a los desechos (donde tienen cabida elementos tan dispares como la basura, las antigüedades o los excrementos) y la pormenorizada revisión de algunos sistemas destinados a la destrucción de cosas y lugares, Lynch nos sumerge en ese complejo universo paralelo que a menudo no queremos ver: el de los vertederos, el compost, los residuos radioactivos, el vandalismo, la demolición de edificios o los solares abandonados. El libro se convierte así en una invitación explícita a conocer y reconocer la decadencia como parte necesaria de la vida y del crecimiento y, gracias al conjunto de edificantes propuestas que el urbanista estadounidense incluye en la segunda parte del libro, Echar a perder se erige, sobre todo, como insólito alegato a favor de una desacomplejada revalorización y gestión de los desechos.
Tabla de contenidos
Número de pedido en Biblioteca FAU

Tiempo presente

Tiempo presente : notas sobre el cambio de una cultura
Sarlo, Beatriz.
2010
Buenos Aires : Siglo Veintiuno. 238 p.
Resumen :  A través de esta cuidada selección de artículos, que proponen un audaz recorrido por distintos paisajes de la cultura contemporánea, Beatriz Sarlo captura escenas cotidianas y las interroga en su densidad.
Escritos en tiempo presente, estos ensayos reflexionan también sobre la forma en que el presente se hace cargo de la historia, tomando como motivos para realizar su ejercicio crítico las nuevas formas de la ciudad, la Guerra de Malvinas, el Mundial del 78, la sociedad de consumo, Rodrigo, Soledad, la new age, la izquierda, la política, el mercado y el Estado, los intelectuales, las identidades culturales, el prejuicio.
Intensa, y a veces irónica, comprometida y alejada de toda nostalgia, Sarlo toma partido y nos invita a preguntarnos por los cambios en la cultura y el modo inexorable en que repercuten sobre nuestra vida.
Tabla de contenidos
Número de pedido en Biblioteca FAU

Writings on cities

Writings on cities
Lefebvre, Henri
1996
Malden, Mass. : Blackwell Publishing.   vi, 250 p.
Resumen : The work of Henri Lefebvre - the only major French intellectual of the post-war period to give extensive consideration to the city and urban life - received considerable attention among both academics and practitioners of the built environment following the publication in English of The Production of Space.
This new collection brings together, for the first time in English, Lefebvre's reflections on the city and urban life written over a span of some twenty years.
The selection of writings is contextualized by an introduction - itself a significant contribution to the interpretation of Henri Lefebvre's work - which places the material within the context of Lefebvre's intellectual and political life and times and raises pertinent issues as to their relevance for contemporary debates over such questions as the nature of urban reality, the production of space and modernity.
Writings on Cities is of particular relevance to architects, planners, geographers, and those interested in the philosophical and political understanding of contemporary life.
Tabla de contenidos 
Número de pedido en Biblioteca FAU

The Foucault effect

The Foucault effect: studies in governmentality : with two lectures by and an interview with Michel Foucault
Burchell, Graham, ed.
Gordon, Collin, ed.
Miller, Peter, ed.
1991
Chicago : University of Chicago Press.   x, 307 p.
Resumen : Based on Michel Foucault's 1978 and 1979 lectures at the Collè ge de France on governmental rationalities and his 1977 interview regarding his work on imprisonment, this volume is the long-awaited sequel to "Power/Knowledge."
In these lectures, Foucault examines the art or activity of government both in its present form and within a historical perspective as well as the different ways governmentality has been made thinkable and practicable.
Foucault's thoughts on political discourse and governmentality are supplemented by the essays of internationally renowned scholars. United by the common influence of Foucault's approach, they explore the many modern manifestations of government: the reason of state, police, liberalism, security, social economy, insurance, solidarity, welfare, risk management, and more.
The central theme is that the object and the activity of government are not instinctive and natural things, but things that have been invented and learned. "The Foucault Effect" analyzes the thought behind practices of government and argues that criticism represents a true force for change in attitudes and actions, and that extending the limits of some practices allows the invention of others.
This unique and extraordinarily useful collection of articles and primary materials will open the way for a whole new set of discussions of the work of Michel Foucault as well as the status of liberalism, social policy, and insurance.
Tabla de contenidos
Número de pedido en Biblioteca FAU

Insurgencies

Insurgencies : essays in planning theory
Friedmann, John
2011
Abingdon, Oxon ; New York, NY. : Routledge.   xvi, 255 p.
Resumen : For nearly fifty years John Friedmann's writings have not just led the academic study of the discipline, but have given shape and direction to the planning profession itself.
Covering transactive planning, radical planning, the concept of the Good City, civil society, rethinking poverty and the diversity of planning cultures, this collection of Friedmann's most important and influential essays tells a coherent and compelling story about how the evolution of thinking about planning over several decades has helped to shape its practice.
With each essay given a new introduction to establish its context and importance, this is an ideal text for the study of planning theory and history.
Tabla de contenidos
Número de pedido en Biblioteca FAU

Constructores inmigrantes

Constructores inmigrantes : transferencias de Alemania a Chile 1852-1875 : edificios y modelos
Alencon Castrillon, Renato
2013
Berlín : DOM publishers.   263 p.
Resumen : La colonización alemana del sur de Chile, iniciada en la década de 1850, dio lugar a la construcción de un extenso patrimonio arquitectónico, que reconocemos como “arquitectura alemana”.
Sin embargo, no está realmente claro en qué medida la arquitectura alemana del sur de Chile está influenciada por la importación de modelos arquitectónicos alemanes, o de qué manera se produjo esta influencia.
Los antecedentes del proceso de colonización son abundantes desde el punto de vista social, y al mismo tiempo existe una extensa documentación del patrimonio construido.
Este trabajo desarrolla una relación específica de los elementos arquitectónicos que permitan identificar y comprender esta influencia con mayor profundidad.
La pregunta a la que intenta dar respuesta este trabajo es, entonces: ¿cuáles son y cómo se produjeron las influencias específicas de la arquitectura alemana en la arquitectura desarrollada por los inmigrantes alemanes del sur de Chile?
Tabla de contenidos 
Número de pedido en Biblioteca FAU

Urbanismo ecológico


Urbanismo ecológico
Mostafavi, Mohsen, ed.
Doherty, Gareth, ed.
2014
Barcelona : Gustavo Gili.   655 p.
Resumen : Si bien el cambio climático, la arquitectura sostenible y las tecnologías ecológicas son cuestiones perfectamente asentadas en el imaginario colectivo, no ha ocurrido lo mismo con aquellos temas que afectan a la sostenibilidad de la ciudad.
Este libro nace precisamente de la apremiante necesidad de abordar el urbanismo desde un enfoque ecológico como método práctico e imaginativo para enfrentarse a la realidad de la ciudad, y constituye, por ello, una apuesta deliberada por asentar definitivamente el concepto de “urbanismo ecológico” a través del compendio de una serie de textos clave sobre la materia. Urbanismo ecológico recopila los artículos del simposio homónimo que tuvo lugar en 2009 en la Graduate School of Design de la Harvard University, así como otros ensayos, conferencias y lecciones vinculados a esta línea de investigación auspiciada por la célebre universidad estadounidense.
El libro, editado por Mohsen Mostafavi y Gareth Doherty, parte de un enfoque interdisciplinario donde confluyen las miradas de arquitectos, urbanistas, diseñadores, teóricos, economistas, ingenieros, artistas y científicos, entre otros especialistas.
El resultado es una amplia panorámica que contribuye a dibujar la imagen plural, compleja y repleta de matices que adquiere el sistema urbano cuando se estudia desde la óptica ecológica.
Una aportación importante, en suma, que da carta de naturaleza a una nueva ética y estética de lo urbano.
Tabla de contenidos
Número de pedido en Biblioteca FAU

Critical urban studies

Critical urban studies : new directions
Davies, Jonathan S. (ed.)
Imbroscio, David L. (ed.)
2010
Albany : State University of New York Press.   220 p.
Resumen : This volume revisits the tradition of critical scholarship characteristic of the urban studies field.
Urban scholarship has had detractors of late, particularly in mainstream political science, where it has been accused of parochialism and insularity. Critical Urban Studies offers a sharp repudiation of this critique, reasserting the need for critical urban scholarship and demonstrating the fundamental importance of urban studies for understanding and changing contemporary social life.
Contributors to the volume identify an orthodox perspective in the field, subject it to critique, and map out a future research agenda for the field. The result is a series of inventive essays pointing scholars and students to the major theoretical and policy challenges facing urbanists and other critical social scientist. “…this volume demonstrates that urban studies is not a stagnant discipline.
Rather, the authors excelled at challenging a number of different orthodoxies to rethink approaches to and about mainstream politics and policies … all researchers involved in urban issues of a wide range of disciplines will find this book of use.” — Journal of Planning Education and Research “The essays in Critical Urban Studies advance the enterprise of critical urban studies.
They challenge a wide range of prevalent orthodoxies and illuminate several new directions on which subsequent critical scholarship and practice can build … The inventive essays will inspire future urban scholars and activists to further advance the theory and practice of critique in even deeper and more transformative directions.” 
Tabla de contenidos
Número de pedido en Biblioteca FAU

Urban sociology

Urban sociology : critical essays
Pickvance, C. G. (ed.)
2007
London ; New York : Routledge.   223 p.
Resumen :  This book applies the historical materialist, or Marxist view of urban sociology and collates some fundamental sources of this perspective available.
Tabla de contenidos
Número de pedido en Biblioteca FAU

The urban sociology reader

The urban sociology reader
Mele, Christopher
Lin Jan, ed.
Mele, Christopher, ed.
2013
London ; New York : Routledge.   xi, 447 p.
Resumen:  The urban world is an exciting terrain for investigating the central institutions, structures and problems of the social world and how they have transformed through the last 200 years. This Reader comprises sections on urban social theory, racial and social difference in the city, culture in everyday life, culture and the urban economy, globalization and transnational social relations and the regulation of urban space. Drawing together seminal selections covering the nineteenth to the twenty-first centuries, this Reader includes forty-three significant writings from eminent names such as Simmel, Wirth, Park, Burgess, DuBois, Zukin, Sassen, and Harvey. The 2nd edition illuminates more recent urban issues such as sprawl, sustainability, immigration and urban protest. Selections are predominantly sociological, but some readings cross disciplinary boundaries. Providing an essential resource for students of urban studies, this book brings together important but, till now, widely dispersed writings. Editorial commentaries precede each entry; introducing the text, demonstrating its significance, and outlining the issues surrounding its topic, whilst the associated bibliography enables deeper investigations.
Tabla de contenidos 
Número de pedido en Biblioteca FAU

The Oxford handbook of urban planning

The Oxford handbook of urban planning
Weber, Rachel
Crane, Randall, ed.
2012
New York : Oxford University Press.   864 p.
Resumen : The Oxford Handbook of Urban Planning is an authoritative volume on planning, a long-established professional social science discipline in the U.S. and throughout the world.
Edited by Rachel Weber and Randall Crane, professors at two leading planning institutes in the United States, this handbook collects together over 45 noted field experts to discuss three key questions: Why plan? How and what do we plan? Who plans for whom? These three questions are then applied across three major topics in planning: States, Markets, and the Provision of Social Goods; The Methods and Substance of Planning; and Agency, Implementation, and Decision Making. Covering the key components of the discipline, this book is a comprehensive, discipline-defining text suited for students and seasoned planners alike.
Tabla de contenidos 
Cubierta de libro en biblioteca FAU

Post-fordism

Post-fordism : a reader
Amin, Ash, ed.
1994
Malden, Mass. : Blackwell.   viii, 435 p.
Resumen:  Part analysis of contemporary change and part vision of the future, post-Fordism lends its name to a set of challenging, essential and controversial debates over the nature of capitalism's newest age.
This book provides a superb introduction to these debates and their far-reaching implications, and includes key texts by post-Fordism's major theorists and commentators.
Tabla de contenidos
Número de pedido en Biblioteca FAU

Gender and planning

Gender and planning : a reader
Fainstein, Susan S., ed.
Servon, Lisa J., ed.
2005
New Brunswick, N.J. : Rutgers University Press.   vi, 313 p.
Resumen: Increasingly, experts recognize that gender has affected urban planning and the design of the spaces where we live and work.
Too often, urban and suburban spaces support stereotypically male activities and planning methodologies reflect a male-dominated society. To document and analyze the connection between gender and planning, the editors of this volume have assembled an interdisciplinary collection of influential essays by leading scholars.
Contributors point to the ubiquitous single-family home, which prevents women from sharing tasks or pooling services. Similarly, they argue that public transportation routes are usually designed for the (male) worker's commute from home to the central city, and do not help the suburban dweller running errands.
In addition to these practical considerations, many contributors offer theoretical perspectives on issues such as planning discourse and the construction of concepts of rationality.
While the essays call for an awareness of gender in matters of planning, they do not over-simplify the issue by moving toward a single feminist solution. Contributors realize that not all women gravitate toward communal opportunities, that many women now share the supposedly male commute, and that considerations of race and class need to influence planning as well. Among various recommendations, contributors urge urban planners to provide opportunities that facilitate women's needs, such as childcare on the way to work and jobs that are decentralized so that women can be close to their children.
Bringing together the most important writings of the last twenty-five years, this book is essential reading for students and scholars of planning theory as well as anyone concerned with gender and diversity.
Tabla de contenidos
Número de pedido en Biblioteca FAU

Large parks

Large parks
Hargreaves, George, ed.
Beardsley, John, ed.
2007
New York : Princeton Architectural Press.   255 p.
Resumen: The discipline of landscape architecture encompasses many typologies, from domestic gardens and neighborhood playgrounds to urban designs and state parks.
Most critical studies of the discipline tend to approach it from a historical or contemporary perspective organized around criteria such as built versus unbuilt, urban versus peripheral, or competition-sponsored versus commission-based. Very few analyses have been undertaken from the seemingly obvious jumping-off point of size.
In Large Parks, Julia Czerniak and George Hargreaves present eight essays by leading scholars and practitioners that engage large urban parks in depth as complex cultural spaces, where key issues of landscape discourse, ecological challenges, social history, urban relations, and place-making are writ large. From historic parks such as New York's Central Park and Paris's Bois de Boulogne to contemporary projects such as Toronto's Downsview Park and Staten Island's Fresh Kills, to newly unveiled and yet-to-be-built projects such as Ken Smith's ambitious plans for the Orange County Great Park, Large Parks highlights the complexities and unique considerations that go into designing these massive and culturally significant works.
Tabla de contenidos
Número de pedido en Biblioteca FAU

Global city-regions

Global city-regions : trends, theory, policy
Scott, Allen J., ed.
2001
New York : Oxford University Press.   xv, 467 p.
Resumen: There are now more than three hundred city-regions around the world with populations of more than one million.
As globalization intensifies, these city-regions come to pose many new questions and problems.
This book presents a highly original and multifaceted review of these issues by some of the leading researchers in the field. It seeks at once to define the question of global city-regions and to describe the internal and external dynamics that shape them; it proposes a theorization of global city-regions based on their economic and political responses to intensifying levels of globalization; and it offers a number of policy insights into the severe social problems that confront global city-regions as they come face to face with an economically and politically neoliberal world.
Tabla de contenidos
Número de pedido en Biblioteca FAU

Splintering urbanism

Splintering urbanism : networked infraestructures, technological mobilities and the urban condition
Graham, Stephen
2001
London ; New York : Routledge.   xxix, 479 p.
Resumen: Splintering Urbanism makes an international and interdisciplinary analysis of the complex interactions between infrastructure networks and urban spaces. It delivers a new and powerful way of understanding contemporary urban change, bringing together discussions about: *globalization and the city *technology and society *urban space and urban networks *infrastructure and the built environment *developed, developing and post-communist worlds. With a range of case studies, illustrations and boxed examples, from New York to Jakarta, Johannesberg to Manila and Sao Paolo to Melbourne, Splintering Urbanism demonstrates the latest social, urban and technological theories, which give us an understanding of our contemporary metropolis.
Tabla de contenidos
Número de pedido en Biblioteca FAU

Urban ecology

Urban ecology : science of cities
Forman, Richard T.T
2014
Cambridge : Cambridge University Press.   xiv, 462 p.
Resumen: How does nature work in our human-created city, suburb, and exurb/peri-urb? Indeed how is ecology - including its urban water, soil, air, plant, and animal foundations - spatially entwined with this great human enterprise? And how can we improve urban areas for both nature and people? Urban Ecology: Science of Cities explores the entire urban area: from streets, lawns, and parks to riversides, sewer systems, and industrial sites. The book presents models, patterns, and examples from hundreds of cities worldwide. Numerous illustrations enrich the presentation.
Cities are analyzed, not as ecologically bad or good, but as places with concentrated rather than dispersed people. Urban ecology principles, traditionally adapted from natural-area ecology, now increasingly emerge from the distinctive features of cities.
Spatial patterns and flows, linking organisms, built structures, and the physical environment highlight a treasure chest of useful principles. This pioneering interdisciplinary book opens up frontiers of insight, as a valuable source and text for undergraduates, graduates, researchers, professionals and others with a thirst for solutions to growing urban problems.
Tabla de contenidos
Número de pedido en Biblioteca FAU

Dreaming the rational city

Dreaming the rational city : the myth of American city planning
Boyer, M. Christine
1986
Cambridge, Massachusetts ; London, England : The MIT Press.  xii, 331 p.
Resumen:  Dreaming the Rational City is both a history of the city planning profession in the United States and a major polemical statement about the effort to plan and reform the American city.
Boyer shows why city planning, which had so much promise at the outset for making cities more liveable, largely failed. She reveals planning's real responsibilities and goals, including the kind of "rational order" that was actually forseen by the planning mentality, and concludes that the planners have continuously served the needs of the dominant capitalist economy.M. Christine Boyer is an Associate Professor in the School
Tabla de contenidos
Número de pedido en Biblioteca FAU

Contemporary urban planning

Contemporary urban planning
Levy, John M.
2013
London ; New York : Routledge.   xi, 448 p.
Resumen:  Updated in its 10th edition, Contemporary Urban Planning provides readers with in-depth coverage of the historic, economic, political, legal, and environmental factors affecting urban planning as well as specific chapters on the various fields of planning.
With updated coverage of the Obama administration's response to the present economic downturn, the text addresses the most pressing issues in urban development today - including the subprime mortgage crisis and home foreclosures, federal funding for public transportation, and new standards for "green" buildings.
The book also includes new material on the rapidly growing field of planning for natural catastrophes.
Tabla de contenidos
Número de pedido en Biblioteca FAU

Drosscape

Drosscape : wasting land in urban America
Berger, Alan
2006
New York : Princeton Architectural Press.   255 p.
Resumen : Do you really know what is under that new house you just bought? How about what lies beneath the neighborhood playground? Was that "big box" retailer down your street built atop a toxic site? Will the warehouse just beyond your backyard be converted into a shopping center, factory, or trucking hub? These are just a few of the worrisome scenarios facing us all as our cities begin a stealth relocation of industrial facilities from the inner city to the urban periphery places Alan Berger has coined "drosscapes."  
Tabla de contenidos
Número de pedido en Biblioteca FAU

Social theory and the urban question

Social theory and the urban question
Saunders, Peter
1986
London ; New York : Routledge.   394 p.
Resumen:  Social Theory and the Urban Question offers a guide to, and a critical evaluation of key themes in contemporary urban social theory, as well as a re-examination of more traditional approaches in the light of recent developments and criticism.
Dr Saunders discusses current theoretical positions in the context of the work of Marx, Weber and Durkheim.
He suggests that later writers have often misunderstood or ignored the arguments of these 'founding fathers' of the urban question. Dr Saunders uses his final chapter to apply the lessons learned from a review of their work in order to develop a new framework for urban social and political analysis.
Tabla de contenidos
Número de pedido en Biblioteca FAU

World cities in a world-system

World cities in a world-system
Knox, Paul L., ed
Taylor, Peter J., ed.
1995
Cambridge ; New York : Cambridge University Press.   xi, 335 p.
Resumen: The dominating influence of a relatively small number of cities has characterized the shift to a more global economy during the 1970s and 1980s. Eighteen original essays accordingly examine the nature, demands and relationships of world cities such as New York, Tokyo and London.
Tabla de contenidos
Número de pedido en Biblioteca FAU

The suburb reader

The suburb reader
Nicolaides, Becky M., ed.
Wiese, Andrew., ed.
2006
New York ; London : Routledge.   xxii, 529 p.
Resumen:  Since the 1920s, the United States has seen a dramatic reversal in living patterns, with a majority of Americans now residing in suburbs.
This mass emigration from cities is one of the most fundamental social and geographical transformations in recent US history.
Suburbanization has not only produced a distinct physical environment—it has become a major defining force in the construction of twentieth-century American culture. Employing over 200 primary sources, illustrations, and critical essays, The Suburb Reader documents the rise of North American suburbanization from the 1700s through the present day.
Through thematically organized chapters it explores multiple facets of suburbia’s creation and addresses its indelible impact on the shaping of gender and family ideologies, politics, race relations, technology, design, and public policy.
Becky Nicolaides’ and Andrew Wiese’s concise commentaries introduce the selections and contextualize the major themes of each chapter. Distinctive in its integration of multiple perspectives on the evolution of the suburban landscape, The Suburb Reader pays particular attention to the long, complex experiences of African Americans, immigrants, and working people in suburbia.
Encompassing an impressive breadth of chronology and themes, The Suburb Reader is a landmark collection of the best works on the rise of this modern social phenomenon.
Tabla de contenidos
Número de pedido en Biblioteca FAU

Readings in planning theory

Readings in planning theory
Fainstein, Susan S., ed.
Campbell, Scott., ed.
2012
Malden, MA : Wiley-Blackwell.   vii, 571 p.
Resumen: The third edition of Readings in Planning Theory features thirteen new readings that define current debates and presents the works that constitute the main focus of the field, addressing the central issues that face planners as theorists and practitioners.
Expands the focus on international planning by including globalization and theories of development Includes new readings that examine themes emerging in planning theory, including a critique of the modernist roots of centralized planning, a re-emphasis on space in planning, and a discussion of the difficulty of sustainable development Features new case studies of planning success and failure on both sides of the Atlantic Addresses the range of core planning theory so as to remain the primary text in urban planning courses Examines the current state of planning theory and the new directions it has taken in recent years Draws on a wide range of authors who address planning history, arguments for and against planning, competing planning styles, planning ethics, the public interest, and considerations of race and gender.
Tabla de contenidos 
Número de pedido en Biblioteca FAU

Dialogues in urban and regional planning

Dialogues in urban and regional planning
Stiftel, Bruce (ed.)
Watson, Vanessa (ed.)
2005
London ; New York : Routledge.   xv, 355 p.
Resumen: Set in context by the editors' introductory chapter, these essays draw on local concerns but also reflect international issues.
These include the relationship between planning and economy; concerns over the environment and conservation; the nature of the planning process and decision-making, and the effects of power on planned change. This book is published in association with the Global Planning Education Association Network (GPEAN), and the nine planning school associations it represents, who have selected these papers based on regional competitions.
Tabla de contenidos 
Número de pedido en Biblioteca FAU

The global cities reader

The global cities reader
Brenner, Neil, ed.
Keil, Roger. ed.
2006
London ; New York : Routledge.   xvi, 436 p.
Resumen:  Providing the first comprehensive survey of new interdisciplinary scholarship on globalized urbanization, this important volume contains fifty selections from classic writings by authors such as John Friedmann, Michael Peter Smith, Saskia Sassen, Peter Taylor, Manuel Castells and Anthony King, as well as major contributions by other international scholars of global city formation.
Classic and contemporary case studies of globalizing cities serve to illuminate global city theory within Europe, North America and East Asia, whilst contributing authors explore key topics including: the histories and geographies of globalized urbanization the social and economic order of globalizing cities pathways of globalized urbanization in the older industrialized world, the developing world and on the ‘margins’ of the world economy state restructuring, urban governance and socio-political contestation in globalizing cities culture, identity and representation in globalizing cities emerging issues and debates in contemporary research on globalized urbanization. Containing wide-ranging discussions on major theories, methods, themes and debates, and a combination of theoretical and methodological contributions, comparative analyses and detailed case studies, this key textbook will appeal to a broad interdisciplinary readership at undergraduate and graduate levels in urban, globalization, development, cultural, and environmental studies.
Tabla de contenidos 
Número de pedido en Biblioteca FAU

Urban and regional planning

Urban and regional planning
Hall, Peter
2011
London ; New York : Routledge.   x, 281 p.
Resumen: It introduces the establishment of planning as part of the public health reforms of the late nineteenth century and goes on to look at the insights of the great figures who influenced the early planning movement, leading up to the creation of the post-war planning machine national and regional planning, and planning for cities and city regions, in the UK, from 1945 to 2010, is then considered.
Specific reference is made to the most important British developments in recent times, including the Single Regeneration Budget, English Partnerships, the devolution of Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland, the establishment of the Mayor of London and the dominant urban sustainability paradigm.
Planning in Western Europe, since 1945, now incorporating new material on EU-wide issues, as well as updated country specific sections
Planning in the United States, since 1945, now discussing the continuing trends of urban dispersal and social polarisation, as well as initiatives in land use planning and transportation policies.
Finally the book looks at the nature of the planning process at the start of the twenty-first century, reflecting briefly on shifts in planning paradigms since the 1960s and going on to discuss the main issues of the 1990s and 2000s, including sustainability and social.
Exclusion and looking forward to the twenty-first century.
Tabla de contenidos 
Número de pedido en Biblioteca FAU

City form and natural process

City form and natural process : towards a new urban vernacular
Hough, Michael
1984
Sidney, Australia : Croom Helm.   ix, 281 p.
Resumen:  Argues that natural development in cities should be nurtured and used as the basis for future urban design.
This book should be of interest to lecturers and students in geography, planning, architecture and urban studies.
Tabla de contenidos
Número de pedido en Biblioteca FAU

Planning theory for practitioners

Planning theory for practitioners
Brooks, Michael P
2002
Chicago, Ill. : Planners Press, American Planning Association.   217 p.
Resumen:  This book is recommended reading for planners preparing to take the AICP exam.
In this new book, Michael Brooks bridges the gap between theory and practice.
He describes an original approach—Feedback Strategy—that builds on the strengths of previous planning theories with one big difference: it not only acknowledges but welcomes politics—the bogeyman of real-world planning. Don't hold your nose or look the other way, Brooks advises planners, but use politics to your own advantage.
Brooks admits that most of the time planning theory doesn't have much to do with planning practice. These ideas rooted in the planner's real world are different. This strategy employs everyday poltiical processes to advance planning, trusts planners' personal values and professional ethics, and depends on their ability to help clients articulate a vision. Planning Theory for Practitioners will encourage not only veteran planners searching for a fresh approach, but also students and recent graduates dismayed by the gap between academic theory and actual practice.
Tabla de contenidos 
Número de pedido en Biblioteca FAU

Metropolis

Metropolis : center and symbol of our times
Kasinitz, Philip
1995
New York : New York University Press.   xii, 486 p.
Resumen:  The modern city is the nexus of culture, politics, and art. Despite the manifold problems cities face, more and more Americans are abandoning rural areas and relocating to urban centers. By the year 2000, 4 out of 5 Americans will live within one hour of a major city. What has prompted this emphasis on the city? Chronicling the rise of the modern city, Metropolis draws from the work of such renowned social thinkers as Georg Simmel, Lewis Mumford, Walter Benjamin, Richard Sennett, and Herbert Gans, to illustrate how and why we have come to be an urban society and what the future holds for the American city. Each of the five sections (on modernity and the urban ethos; New York City; community and social bonds in the city; social relations and public places; and the role of space, race, class, and politics in the American city) is prefaced by an introduction by the editor, highlighting the issues under discussion.
Tabla de contenidos 
Número de pedido en Biblioteca FAU

People, plans, and policies


People, plans, and policies : essays on poverety, racism, and other national urban problems
Gans, Herbert J.
1991
New York : Columbia University Press : Russell Sage Foundation
xx, 383 p.
Resumen : The primary theme of this collection of essays is that the cities' basic problems are poverty and racism. Until these concerns are addressed by increasing racial equality, creating jobs, and bringing about other reforms, the generally low quality of urban life will persist.
Gans argues that parents must have jobs in order to improve their children's school performance and that a modernised New Deal, a more labour-intensive economy, and a thirty-two hour work week can help achieve full employment.
Other controversial ideas presented in this book include Gans's opposition to the idea of an underclass, which he feels is the latest way for the nonpoor to unjustly label the poor as undeserving, and his startling notion that poverty continues because it is often useful to the nonpoor. He is critical of architecture that aims above all to be aesthetic or to make philosophical statements; is doubtful that physical plans can or should try to reform our social or personal lives; and thinks we should concentrate on achieving individual public policies until we learn how properly to plan as a society.
Tabla de contenidos
Número de pedido en Biblioteca FAU

Classic essays on the culture of cities

Classic essays on the culture of cities
Sennett, Richard (ed.)
1969
New York : Appleton-Century-Croft.   233 p.
Resumen: "An introduction, by R. Sennett.--The nature of the city, by M. Weber.--The metropolis and mental life, by G. Simmel.--The soul of the city, by O. Spengler.--The city; suggestions for the investigation of human behavior in the urban environment. Human migration and the marginal man. By R. Park.--Urbanism as a way of life. Rural-urban differences. Human ecology. By L. Wirth.--The folk society, by R. Redfield.--The cultural role of cities, by R. Redfield and M. Singer."
Tabla de contenidos
Número de pedido en Biblioteca FAU

City, class and power

City, class and power
Castells, Manuel
1978
New York : St. Martin's Press.   x, 198 p.
Resumen:  The eruption of conflicts in cities on both sides of the Atlantic during the 1960 has led to dissatisfaction with the urban paradigms of the 1920 and new scholarly attempts to explain the relationships between social and spatial structure.
The series "Sociology", Politics and Cities'is designed to provide a platform for these debates. The series focuses on alternative theorical formulations of the social and political factors forming and developing cities.
Emphasis is laid not only on single-disciplinary approaches to such understanding but also on attempts to build transdisciplinary ways of theorising about urban settlements.
These contain elements of history and economics as well as sociology and politics
Tabla de contenidos
Número de pedido en Biblioteca FAU

Ladders

Ladders
Pope, Albert
1996
Houston, Texas : Rice School of Architecture ; New York : Princeton Architectural Press.   274 p.
Resumen: World War II brought about catastrophic changes in western urban production. While it is clear that the complex fabric of traditional urban form has been replaced by equally complex contemporary urban space, it is less clear what role form continues to play in its present structural configuration. Ladders attempts to identify the contemporary dialectic between urban space and form as the key to engaging the unprecedented qualities of contemporary urban space.
Tabla de contenidos
Número de pedido en Biblioteca FAU

Macroeconomía

Macroeconomía
Mankiw, N. Gregory
2014
Barcelona : Antoni Bosch editor.   859 p.
Resumen: El libro de texto de N. Gregory Mankiw, éxito de adopción desde hace mucho tiempo para el curso de macroeconomía intermedia, sigue gozando de autoridad, aceptación y vitalidad, y la nueva octava edición es la más lograda hasta ahora.
Una vez más, Mankiw presenta una introducción a la macroeconomía excepcionalmente clara y concisa, incorporando plenamente la crisis financiera de 2007-2010 y las medidas adoptadas para hacerle frente.
La nueva edición, además de ofrecer un nuevo capítulo inspirado directamente en la crisis (Capítulo 20, El sistema financiero: oportunidades y peligros), también contiene nuevas investigaciones, análisis y casos prácticos.
Tabla de contenidos 
Número de pedido en Biblioteca FAU

Analyzing politics

Analyzing politics : rationally, behavior and institutions
Shepsle, Kenneth A.
2010
New York : W.W. Norton and Co.   x, 548 p.
Resumen:  Through case studies, illustrations, and examples, the author provides students with the means to analyze a wide variety of situations.
The Second Edition has been thoroughly revised to include updated cases and examples, new problem sets and discussion questions, and new "Experimental Corner" sections at the end of many chapters, describing experiments from social science literature.
Tabla de contenidos
Número de pedido en Biblioteca FAU

The cultures of cities

The cultures of cities
Zukin, Sharon
1995
Cambridge, MA : Blackwell.   xiv, 322 p.
Resumen : How do cities use culture today? Building on the experience of New York as a "culture capital" Sharon Zukin shows how three notions of culture - as ethnicity, aesthetic, and marketing tool - are reshaping urban places and conflicts over revitalization.
She rejects the idea that cities have either a singular urban culture or many different subcultures to argue that cultures are constantly negotiated in the city's central spaces - the streets, parks, shops, museums, and restaurants - which are the great public spaces of modernity.
While cultural gentrification may contribute to making our cities both safer and more civilised places to live, it has its darker side.
Beneath the perceptions of "civility" and "security" nurtured by cultural strategies, Zukin shows an aggressive private-sector bid for control of public space, a relentless drive for expansion by art museums and other non-profit cultural institutions, and an increasing redesign of the built environment for the purposes of social control. Tying these developments to a new "symbolic economy" based on tourism, media and entertainment, Zukin traces the connections between real estate development and popular expression, and between elite visions of the arts and more democratic representations. Going beyond the immigrants, artists, street peddlers, and security guards who are the key figures in the symbolic economy, Zukin asks: Who really occupies the central spaces of cities? And whose culture is imposed as public culture? Combining cultural critique, interviews, autobiography and ethnography, The Culture of Cities is a compelling account of the public spaces of modernity as they are transformed into new, more troubling landscapes.
Tabla de contenidos 
Número de pedido en Biblioteca FAU

Cities for people, not for profit


Cities for people, not for profit : critical urban theory and the right to the city critical urban theory and the right to the city
Brenner, Neil, ed.
Marcuse, Peter, ed.
Mayer, Margit
2012
London ; New York : Routledge.   xii, 284 p.
Resumen :  The worldwide financial crisis has sent shock-waves of accelerated economic restructuring, regulatory reorganization and sociopolitical conflict through cities around the world.
It has also given new impetus to the struggles of urban social movements emphasizing the injustice, destructiveness and unsustainability of capitalist forms of urbanization.
This book contributes analyses intended to be useful for efforts to roll back contemporary profit-based forms of urbanization, and to promote alternative, radically democratic and sustainable forms of urbanism. The contributors provide cutting-edge analyses of contemporary urban restructuring, including the issues of neoliberalization, gentrification, colonization, "creative" cities, architecture and political power, sub-prime mortgage foreclosures and the ongoing struggles of "right to the city" movements. At the same time, the book explores the diverse interpretive frameworks - critical and otherwise - that are currently being used in academic discourse, in political struggles, and in everyday life to decipher contemporary urban transformations and contestations. The slogan, "cities for people, not for profit," sets into stark relief what the contributors view as a central political question involved in efforts, at once theoretical and practical, to address the global urban crises of our time. Drawing upon European and North American scholarship in sociology, politics, geography, urban planning and urban design, the book provides useful insights and perspectives for citizens, activists and intellectuals interested in exploring alternatives to contemporary forms of capitalist urbanization.
Tabla de contenidos
Número de pedido en Biblioteca FAU

Contemporary urban sociology

Contemporary urban sociology
Flanagan, William G.
1993
Cambridge ; New York : Cambridge University Press.   vi, 185 p.
Resumen :  Description Contents Resources Courses About the Authors First published in 1993, this book provides an overview of issues and debates in contemporary urban sociology.
It reviews critically each of the major theoretical orientations in the field, providing a brief historical introduction to each approach but emphasising the current theoretical debate. Flanagan juxtaposes the approaches of classical urbanism and urban community theory, the urban ecology approach and the postmodern approach and explains their lasting contribution to the field.
Adherents of each of these methodologies contribute to debates within the field, making an overview volume all the more necessary. Summary of an important subfield of sociology aimed at second- and third- year undergraduates and sociologists seeking an introduction to the field of urban sociology Assesses the theories and methods sociologists have used to investigate the effects cities have on their inhabitants Each approach discussed is illustrated by a case study Clos
Tabla de contenidos
Número de pedido en Biblioteca FAU
Sustaining cities : environmental planning and management in urban design
Leitmann, Josef
1999
New York : McGraw-Hill.   xx, 412 p.
Resumen : Meet the "brown agenda" challenge of fast-growing cities.
Planning and development professionals who need to cope with the problems of increasing urbanization will find practical tools in Joseph Leitmann's Sustaining Cities: Environmental Planning and Management in Urban Design.
This unique reference explores the highest priority problems -sanitation and drainage, solid waste management, degradation of environmentally sensitive land, uncontrolled emissions, accidents linked to congestion, and improper disposal of hazardous waste, problems that result in poor health, lower productivity, reduced income and quality of life.
It's the first book to give you realistic, innovative, in-depth options that you can use on a day-to-day basis, with examples from many parts of the world. You get a proven planning framework and strategic approach for addressing the environmental issues confronting and caused by cities, and resources you can turn to for more help, information, and training.
Tabla de contenidos
Número de pedido en Biblioteca FAU

Metromarxism

Metromarxism : a marxist tale of the city
Merrifield, Andy
2002
New York ; London : Routledge.   xi, 212 p.
Resumen : "Metromarxism" discusses Marxism's relationship with the city from the 1850s to the present by way of biographical chapters on figures from the Marxist tradition, including Marx, Walter Benjamin, Guy Debord, and David Harvey.
Each chapter combines interesting biographical anecdotes with an accessible analysis of each individual's contribution to an always-transforming Marxist theory of the city. He suggests that the interplay between the city as center of economic and social life and its potential for progressive change generated a major corpus of work. That work has been key in advancing progressive political and social transformations
Tabla de contenidos
Número de pedido en Biblioteca FAU

The practice of everyday life

The practice of everyday life
Certeau, Michel de
1984
Berkeley : University of California Press.   xxiv, 229 p.
Resumen :  In this incisive book, Michel de Certeau considers the uses to which social representation and modes of social behavior are put by individuals and groups, describing the tactics available to the common man for reclaiming his own autonomy from the all-pervasive forces of commerce, politics, and culture.
In exploring the public meaning of ingeniously defended private meanings, de Certeau draws brilliantly on an immense theoretical literature to speak of an apposite use of imaginative literature.
Tabla de contenidos
Número de pedido en Biblioteca FAU

Sweetness and power

Sweetness and power : the place of sugar in modern history
Mintz, Sidney Wilfred
1986
New York : Penguin Books.   xxx, 274 p
Resumen : Traces the history of sugar production and consumption, examines its relationship with slavery, class ambitions, and industrialization, and describes sugar's impact on modern diet and eating habits.
Tabla de contenidos
Número de pedido en Biblioteca FAU

Chocolate nations

Chocolate nations : living and dying for cocoa in west Africa
Ryan, Órla
2011
London : Zed Books ; New York : Distributed in the USA exclusively by Palgrave Macmillan.   viii, 182 p.
Resumen : Chocolate is one of the world's most everyday luxuries, the very word conjuring up a hint of the forbidden and a taste of the decadent.
Every year, more chocolate is sold in the West even as obesity and health fears grow.
Yet the story behind the chocolate bar is rarely one of luxury.
The crop provides a lifeline for millions of farmers in West Africa, which produces about 70% of the world's cocoa and is crucial to the economies and politics of Ghana and Ivory Coast. Chocolate Nations examines the causes of farmer poverty, placing the story of these producers in the context of the commodity producers' global battle to make more money from their crops.
Mixing economic analysis with the human stories of the African rebels, advertising executives and industry insiders, this book tells the compelling story of how chocolate bars get on supermarket shelves
Tabla de contenidos
Número de pedido en Biblioteca FAU

La rueda de la historia

La rueda de la historia : testimonio de un protagonista
Hales Dib, Jaime
2014
Santiago de Chile, Ediciones Radio Universidad de Chile.   498 p.
Resumen:  Un intenso testimonio donde el autor palpita su vida y se prolongan sus anhelos con optimismo, una mirada límpida sobre la historia de nuestro país y un actuar consecuente.
Tabla de contenidos
Número de pedido en Biblioteca FAU

Las parroquias de Concepción

Las parroquias de Concepción
Rebolledo Riquelme, Bernardo
Bahamonde Barría, José Luis
2014
[Concepción] : Universidad Católica de la Santísima Concepción.   136 p.
Resumen: La historia de las parroquias de Concepción encierra en sí misma la propia historia de la ciudad y su gente. ¿Por qué? Porque toda la trama urbana de la ciudad y sus alrededores se clasificó desde un primer momento por divisiones parroquiales . Porque estas parroquias les dieron a su vez los nombres a sus barrios y vecindades.
Es por ello que aprender de la historia de las principales parroquis que existen en el casco histórico penquista es sumergirnos en nuestra historia; una historia que nos habla de las transformaciones en la ciudad y en la vida misma de sus habitantes; y de la cual cada uno de los templos parroquiales son mudos testigos y que al recorrerlos, observarlos y habitarlos; nos dan a conocer nuestro pasado y presente, por lo que son un valioso patrimonio cultural y se constituyen en "Patrimonio Vivo de Concepción".
Tabla de contenidos 
Número de pedido en Biblioteca FAU

Arcana

Arcana
Vicente, Cristóbal
2011
Santiago, Chile : Editorial Flandes Indiano.   xxi, 301 p.
Resumen:  Toda cárcel es un conjunto arquitectónico que encierra leyendas urbanas. Sin embargo, pocas estaban tan expuestas a la vista de su ciudad como la cárcel de Valparaíso.
Instalada en 1843 en el lugar de una ex “Casa de Pólvora” (fundada en 1795), en el entonces extremo de la ciudad, la rápida extensión de la ciudad situó a la cárcel al centro del conjunto urbano. Todos en Valparaíso pueden ver esa nave arquitectónica queda a media altura del plan.
Los vecinos más cercanos compartían hasta la vida sonora del edificio. Poco antes de que se decidiera reemplazarla por una cárcel moderna ubicada fuera de la ciudad, el joven arquitecto Cristóbal Vicente, quien vive cerca de ella en Valparaíso, decidió grabar la memoria de este lugar.
Por 12 meses, Vicente compartirá a diario la vida de los encarcelados, entró en su confianza y preparó un extenso material audiovisual que retrata el lugar, pero sobre todo la vida y las costumbres de sus habitantes.
Los 150 años de utilización y la tipología misma del edificio han creado un modo de vida muy particular de los detenidos. Es con el mayor respeto que Cristóbal Vicente se acercó a este mundo cerrado, desconocido por la mayoría de afuera. El entró en este mundo como un vecino, testigo neutro del lugar y de su población (que supera en número a la de la mayoría de los pueblos de Chile), sin los a priori de un criminólogo, de un sociólogo o de un sicólogo, dotando al material de una naturaleza muy compleja. El resultado es un largometraje, el presente libro y una página web www.proyectoarcana.cl.
La película fue premiada en numerosos festivales y muestras cinematográficas (13 premios internacionales y más de 50 festivales Los tres elementos ofrecen miradas complementarias sobre esta realidad. El 11 de abril de 1999, los 1300 reclusos fueron trasladados al nuevo complejo penitenciario ubicado en el camino La Pólvora.
Con este hecho se puso término a más de 150 años de funcionamiento del lugar como recinto de reclusión.
Tabla de contenidos 
Número de pedido en Biblioteca FAU